WHERE TO PUT SUCH A NIGHTMARE?
WE NOW KNOW THAT THE U.S. CONDUCTED BIOLOGICAL WARFARE RESEARCH THERE, AND SINCE ALMOST EVERY NATION HAS SEVERAL SUCH LABORATORIES, ONE MIGHT CONCLUDE THAT THIS LAB WAS BASICALLY "HARMLESS".
ONE MIGHT NOT EVEN CARE WHAT WENT ON THERE, OFF THE COAST OF NEW YORK.
PLUM ISLAND, LAB 257, AN INDEFENSIBLE LITTLE PLACE, FULL OF VERY LETHAL PATHOGENS, DEADLY, STILL A THREAT TO ALL WHO LIVE NEAR IT, STILL A READY SOURCE FOR ANY TERRORISTS, REAL OR FBI-CREATED(?), WHO MIGHT WANT TO GATHER FROM IT TO ATTACK AMERICA.
PLUM ISLAND'S LAB 257 WAS "'the only type of research lab authorized to handle diseases that are communicable between humans and animals and for which there is no known cure'"...NO KNOWN CURE.
THE NEW YORK TIMES WAS A BIT IRATE OVER ITS FATE IN 2005.
<<The report noted that there were pathogens on Plum Island lethal to both animals and humans. A camel pox strain being researched at the center, it warned, could be converted into "an agent as threatening as smallpox," and the Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus being studied could be "developed into a human biowarfare agent." The report also emphasized that the center, which Homeland Security took over from the Agriculture Department in 2003, "was not designed to be a highly secure facility." >>
CNN DID A SMALL PIECE ON PLUM ISLAND IN 2004
<<The U.S. Army and the Department of Agriculture, in particular, were instrumental in the design and building of Lab 257 and its companion, Lab 101, on the island. Like other government scientific facilities, it's had an aura of mystery: Plum Island earns a mention in "The Silence of the Lambs," and thriller writer Nelson DeMille set a novel there.
The Army later handed over control of the facility to the USDA.
DHS official McCarthy told the AP that Lab 257 was closed in 1995, and "right now it poses no health hazard.">>
THEY GO ON TO INSINUATE THAT ANYONE WHO THINKS PLUM ISLAND IS A DARK MYSTERY MIGHT BE NUTS (THOUGH THEY NEVER, EVER SAY SUCH THINGS OUTRIGHT, PERISH THE THOUGHT).
IN CONSIDERING CNN, OR ANY AMERICAN MAINSTREAM MEDIA, AS I HAVE ALWAYS SAID HERE IN THE TEA ROOM, CONSIDER WHO OWNS THE MEDIA...
<<CNN has been accused of perpetrating media bias for allegedly promoting both a conservative and a liberal agenda based on previous incidents. Accuracy in Media and the Media Research Center have claimed that CNN's reporting contains liberal editorializing within news stories.>>
[READ, CERTAINLY, BUT ALWAYS DIG INTO THINGS FOR YOURSELVES, AND DIG DEEPLY AND LONG!]
YOU MAY HAVE HEARD OF A NAZI SCIENTIST NAMED ERIC TRAUB, BROUGHT TO THE U.S. AS SO MANY OTHERS WERE UNDER OPERATION PAPERCLIP AFTER WORLD WAR 2.
<<Just months into his Operation Paperclip contract, Traub was asked to meet with US scientists from Fort Detrick, the Army’s biological warfare headquarters, in Frederick, Maryland. As a noted German authority on viruses he was asked to consult on their animal disease program from a Biological Warfare perspective. After working on biological research for the U.S. Navy from 1949 to 1953, Traub returned to Germany >>
ONE OF TRAUB'S SPECIALTIES WAS VECTOR DISEASES AND THEIR USE IN BIOLOGICAL WARFARE.
Traub visited the Plum Island Animal Disease Center (PIADC) in New York on at least three occasions in the 1950s. The Plum Island facility, operated by the Department of Agriculture, conducted research on foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) of cattle, one of Traub's areas of expertise. Traub was offered a leading position at Plum Island in 1958 which he OFFICIALLY declined.
IT HAS BEEN SAID THAT PLUM ISLAND'S LAB 257 GAVE US LYME DISEASE, QUITE LITERALLY.
In the mid-1970s, a mysterious disease broke out in the area around the town of Old Lyme, CT.
This severely debilitating syndrome was given the name Lyme disease. At first, doctors were mystified as to why the disease was clustered around this particular town. This leads us back to Erich Traub, the German scientist who participated in research at Plum Island. Once they had the genetic footprint of the Lyme disease germ, researchers began to comb through disease cluster histories. It didn't make sense that Lyme would suddenly emerge, seemingly out of nowhere, in one town in rural Connecticut. Some of these investigators believe they found traces of borrelia in preserved insect and animal samples taken from nearby Shelter Island, as well as Long Island.
The samples dated from the late 1940s to the early 1950s—the time frame in which Erich Traub was infecting ticks on Plum Island. Most interesting and troubling to birdwatchers and other outdoors-y types is the author’s investigation into the unproven but nonetheless highly suspicious connections between Plum Island and the sudden appearance of Dutch duck plague (1967), Lyme disease (1975) and West Nile virus (1999) on the East Coast. All of these disease outbreaks were first documented within a few miles of the labs.
IT HAS ALSO BEEN SAID THAT THE PLACE IS STILL SO CONTAMINATED THAT NO HUMANS SHOULD BE ALLOWED NEAR IT.
EVEN THE EPA HAS CITED THE ISLAND FOR ITS WASTE, AS HAS THE NEW YORK DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION.
EVERYBODY SEEMS TO WANT THE ISLAND CLEANED UP, BUT NO ONE SEEMS TO KNOW WHERE ALL THAT WASTE IS BURIED, NOR HOW TO GET IT OUT OF THE GROUND AND OFF THE ISLAND.
IN ITS PRIME, LAB 257 WAS INVOLVED DAILY WITH "HOT VIRUSES", LIVE, HIGHLY INFECTIVE ORGANISMS WITH WHICH THEY CONDUCTED "ANIMAL EXPERIMENTS".
A BIT OF HISTORY FOR THE PLUM ISLAND LAB
(FEEL FREE TO SKIP THIS SEGMENT IF YOU REALLY DON'T GIVE A HOOT FOR HISTORY.)
Completed in 1911, Building 257 at Fort Terry,New York, designated the Combined Torpedo Storehouse and Cable Tanks building, and weapons were stored there.
But then, in 1952, the ARMY CHEMICAL CORPS (which had been called the Chemical Warfare Service) took over the facility and a thing called "anti-animal biological warfare testing" began there.
During World War 1, the U.S. had managed to develop a rather small arsenal (compared to today's standards) of CHEMICAL WEAPONS. Some of those, too, were stored on Plum Island, and the President and many in the general population, were nervous about that, wanted them destroyed, or maybe moved to a safer place away from populated areas.
Major General Amos Fries, the head of the Chemical Warfare Service for almost 9 years was convinced that plans to end the development of chemical weapons entailed a COMMUNIST PLOT, and he fought it with everything he had.
He was successful and, thanks to the pull, the power, of some whom he knew , including like-minded Congressmen, well known chemists and those who owned the chemical companies, Congress was influenced to NOT RATIFY the 1925 Geneva Protocol...they just said NO. So development of new and better chemical warfare marched on...on Plum Island.
In 1939, then President Roosevelt got more than a little pissed-off when the name change came up. He made that clear by stating:
"'I have a far more important objection to this change of name. It has been and is the policy of this Government to do everything in its power to outlaw the use of chemicals in warfare. Such use is inhuman and contrary to what modern civilization should stand for.
I am doing everything in my power to discourage the use of gases and other chemicals in any war between nations. While, unfortunately, the defensive necessities of the United States call for study of the use of chemicals in warfare, I do not want the Government of the United States to do anything to aggrandize or make permanent any special bureau of the Army or the Navy engaged in these studies. I hope the time will come when the Chemical Warfare Service can be entirely abolished.
To dignify this Service by calling it the "Chemical Corps" is, in my judgment, contrary to a sound public policy.'"
Maybe FDR's anger caused "bad ju-ju" for the Corps, but after that, it was plagued with "accidents" and those accidents showed us what they were up to...some of it, at least.
The Dugway sheep incident, March 1968, was one of several really big events that stirred the boiling pot of growing public furor against the corps. An open air spraying of VX was blamed for killing over 4,000 sheep near Dugway Proving Ground. The Army eventually settled the case and paid the ranchers.
Then, another incident involving Operation CHASE (Cut Holes and Sink 'Em) was also exposed. Operation CHASE sought to dump chemical weapons 250 miles (400 km) off the Florida coast, spurring concerns over the damage to the ocean environment and risk of chemical munitions washing up on shore.
DIDN'T THE CORPS, DIDN'T THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT KNOW THOSE RISKS? DIDN'T THEY CARE?
The CORPS continued to be beleaguered with bad press and with "mishaps". A 1969 incident, in which 23 soldiers and one Japanese civilian were exposed to SARIN on the island of Okinawa while cleaning sarin-filled bombs, created international outcry, while also revealing the presence of chemical munitions in Southeast Asia to the world.
Things gradually got better for the corps, it "restructured" itself, by 1969, had developed seven "standardized biological weapons": agents that cause anthrax, tularemia, brucellosis, Q-fever, VEE, and botulism. Maybe as an afterthought, Staphylococcal Enterotoxin B was produced as an "incapacitating agent"
The Corps marched on, it lived, it thrived, and beween 1979 and 1989 the Army established 28 active duty chemical defense companies.
Way to go, Team Gas and Hellfire! (one of its pet names in WW2).
The United States Army Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) School is the home of the Army's Chemical Corps, located at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. There are approximately 22,000 members of the Chemical Corps in the U.S. Army, spread among the Active, Army Reserve, and Army National Guard.
The school trains officers and enlisted personnel in CBRN warfare and defense.
BACK TO THE LAB ITSELF
With remodeling and restructuring ongoing, the facility was updated in the 1950s, but an odd thing happened then...the USDA (United States Department of AGRICULTURE, yes, AGRICULTURE), took over at Fort Terry,
Fort Terry was officially transferred to the USDA on July 1, 1954, at the time scientists from the Bureau of Animal Industry were already working in Building 257.
Just FYI, that "bureau" was formed way, way back in 1884, was abolished by Secretary's Memorandum 1320, suppl. 4, on November 2, 1953, and reestablished as the Agricultural Research Service, The ARS currently the principal in-house research agency of the USDA.
Clever of our government to shuffle the cards and come up with this plan.
The citizens were much happier knowing their "protective service", the good old USDA, was watching over things out on Plum Island.
What could possibly be wrong with the USDA doing a little research, EVEN IF THAT RESEARCH WAS HIDDEN, WAS "TOP SECRET", AND STILL INVOLVED CHEMICAL WARFARE RESEARCH?
It wasn't like before...the USDA was testing on ANIMALS, cows, horses, and the like, right?
WAKE UP AND TAKE NOTES, CLASS, BECAUSE THE ARS MAINTAINS A VAST STORAGE OF CHEMICAL/BIO-WEAPONRY. AND THEY KNOW HOW TO MAKE USE OF IT!
HERE IS WHAT WE ARE SUPPOSED TO FIXATE UPON: "Microbial cultures are foundational and basic diagnostic methods used extensively as a research tool in molecular biology. Microbial culture collections focus on the acquisition, authentication, production, preservation, catalogueing and distribution of viable cultures of standard reference microorganisms, cell lines and other materials for research in microbial systematics.
Culture collection are also repositories of type strains."
WHAT THAT DOES NOT TELL US IS THAT EACH STRAIN OF ANY OF THESE CAN BE USED, AND SOME HAVE BEEN USED, AS WEAPONS IN WAR.
AND THE USDA HAS A CLOSET-FULL.
WE ARE TOLD THAT THE MAJORITY OF THESE CULTURES NOW "LIVE" IN MANASSAS, VIRGINIA., AND ARE HELD FOR US BY ...
ATCC , a private nonprofit organization in the biotechnology field whose mission focuses on the acquisition, authentication, production, preservation, development and distribution of standard reference microorganisms, cell lines and other materials for research in the life sciences. Established in 1914 as the American Type Culture Collection and originally incorporated by scientists in 1925.
ATCC ALSO STORES OVER 8 MILLION CLONED GENES, INCLUDING HUMAN GENES.
AND DISEASE VECTORS..."Vector-borne disease" is the term commonly used to describe an illness caused by an infectious microbe that is transmitted to people by blood-sucking insects.
18,000 strains of bacteria from 900 genera, as well as 2,000 different types of animal viruses and 1,000 plant viruses have been ISOLATED, STORED, AND ARE ALIVE AND WELL, THANKS, IN GOOD PART, TO THE RESEARCH AT THE LAB ON PLUM ISLAND, AND OTHERS LIKE IT.
AN IMPORTANT NOTE, PLEASE BE AWARE:
ATCC supplied Iraqi organizations, including Baghdad University, with several pathogens between 1985 and 1989. These include Bacillus anthracis (the causative agent of anthrax), Aspergillus fungal cultures producing the mycotoxin aflatoxin), Brucella melitensis (causing brucellosis), Clostridium botulinum, Clostridium perfringens, E. coli and Salmonella cholerae-suis.
YES, THE U.S. CONGRESS APPROVED THIS SHARING WITH SADDAM HUSSEIN, THROUGH THE CHANNELS OF THE U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, IN THE NAME OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT...AND IRAQ GOT ENOUGH OF THESE STRAINS TO KILL AS MANY PEOPLE AS THEY CARED TO.
ASK THE KURDISH PEOPLE.
IT WAS ALL DOCUMENTED, ALL WELL-KNOWN, WASN'T REALLY "HIDDEN", JUST WASN'T ADVERTISED.
UCLA HAS A PAGE ABOUT THE CDC's INVOLVEMENT IN THAT AS WELL.
CLICK HERE TO READ THE DOCUMENT.
IT MAKES A BIT TOO LIGHT OF THE FACT THAT WE SENT SUCH OVER TO IRAQ, BUT I OFFER IT FOR THE SKEPTICS, WHO ABOUND.
In 2002 American forces in Afghanistan found a dossier of information about the Plum Island laboratory in the Kabul residence of Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood, a Western-educated nuclear physicist and former chairman of the Pakistan Nuclear Energy Commission who has been identified by American officials as an associate of Osama bin Laden.
But Plum Island has a major and unfixable problem: it's an easy target for terrorists, indeed a sitting duck - and, frankly, Long Island has room for only one big duck on the East End. In the wake of 9/11, the center, housing highly virulent disease agents a mile and a half off Long Island, constitutes a serious risk not just to New York, but also to Connecticut, Massachusetts and Rhode Island, which are all within 100 miles of Plum Island.
Homeland Security knows that the outmoded laboratory, which it described as too "costly to maintain," is a problem. In the press release announcing the news, it highlighted "growing concerns about accidental or intentional introduction of foreign animal diseases into the country.
THE WHOLE THING IS COMING FULL CIRCLE...
PLEASE TAKE NOTE AS WE CANNOT BUT IMAGINE HOW THIS ONE SMALL PLACE WHICH IS SO NEAR TO LARGE POPULATIONS, SO VERY NEAR TO ONE OF AMERICA'S MAJOR CITIES, SO UNPROTECTED, CAN BE USED TO WIPE OUT LARGE NUMBERS OF HUMAN BEINGS AND FOOD ANIMALS...WHETHER BY FOREIGN OR DOMESTIC TERRORISTS (LIKE HOMELAND SECURITY?).
THE FOLLOWING WAS REPORTED BY COLUMBIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY'S "HOMELAND SECURITY NEWS WIRE" ON JULY 20, 2010...
The bio lab on 840-acre Plum Island, a mile-and-a-half off Long Island’s Orient Point, is a Biosafety level 4 facility — the only type of research lab authorized to handle diseases that are communicable between humans and animals and for which there is no known cure; from a boat, terrorists armed with shoulder-fired rockets would have a clear shot, or a plane could dive into the laboratory, dispersing deadly germs into an area from Massachusetts to New York; DHS has decided to build a new lab in Kansas to replace the aging Plum Island center, but some local politicians object, citing the local jobs that would be lost.
[As reported by Karl Grossman in the Huffington Post, ]
- In 2002 U.S. Army commandos and CIA agents found a “dossier” containing “information on a place in New York called the Plum Island Animal Disease Center” in a raid on the Afghanistan residence of Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood, a nuclear physicist from Pakistan and an associate of Osama bin Laden.
- In 2003 the Government Accountability Office (GAO) reported there is a substantial risk that “an adversary might try to steal pathogens” from the center and use them against people or animals in the United States. GAO noted that a camel pox strain researched at the center could be converted into “an agent as threatening as smallpox,” and the Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus studied there could be “developed into a human biowarfare agent.”
DHS has already chosen Manhattan, Kansas, as the location of new biolab to replace the aging Plum Island research facility (“DHS is searching for buyers for Plum Island facility,” 4 August 2009 HSNW), but New York politicians want the lab — and its jobs — to stay. In any event, it will take years to build the new lab.
The threat of a terrorist attack on Plum Island, sitting between Boston and New York City and just south of New London and Groton, Connecticut, remains. “Work on highly toxic pathogens should only be done at a heavily guarded facility inland, perhaps constructed underground — not on an island out in the open so close to this crowded area of the United States,” Grossman concludes.>>
Is that the "set-up" being prepared in our media, the initial phase of everything coming undone?
WILL WE SEE PLUM ISLAND, LAB 257, BLOW UP IN OUR FACES?
AND REMEMBER, THEY ARE MOVING THE LAB TO KANSAS, TO KANSAS WHERE GREAT HERDS OF FOOD ANIMALS ARE RAISED FOR AMERICAN MARKETS.
ALSO REMEMBER THAT THERE ARE
At Fort Detrick, the USBWL consisted of various labs and divisions, including:
- The Safety "S" Division, first to be activated (1943)
- Biological Protection Branch
- The Special Operations Division (1949–68), conducted hundreds of field tests of aerosolized simulants
- The Crops Division (called "Plant Sciences Laboratories" after 1966), evaluated thousands of compounds for herbicidal activity (including Agent Orange; see Herbicidal warfare)
- The Basic Science [Division?]
- Pine Bluff Arsenal, Arkansas
- Horn Island, Mississippi
- Dugway Proving Ground, Utah, including Granite Peak Installation
- Vigo Ordnance Plant, near Terre Haute, Indiana
Steve Erickson, director of the Citizens' Education Project in Salt Lake City, Utah said, IN ABOUT 2002, "This expansion of laboratory capacity within the Defense Department and other departments of government has been in the works for a number of years, probably dating to about 1995. Certainly, the intensity and speed of these developments is picked up since 9/11/2001. The last count we had was about 14 [labs] that were being proposed in various locations by any one of four Cabinet level departments within the US Government. There are some indications now that the National Institutes of Health will be backing off in terms of the numbers of Biological Safety Level Four laboratories, but intends instead to renovate and perhaps build additional Biological Level Three laboratories."
The Department of Energy wants to build a BSL-3 facility at its Los Alamos lab in New Mexico. On December 16th, the DOE released the final Environmental Assessment of plans to build a BSL-3 lab at Lawrence Livermore National Lab.
THIS IS A LIVE ANTHRAX LAB.
SEE ALSO: http://www.nukewatch.org/media/more_media/01-00-02/01-03-02/University-President-Defends-Anthrax-Shipment.html
The draft environmental assessment for the proposed lab says that current plans call for the facility to handle the DNA and RNA of a wide array of organisms. The lab could also engage in the chemical separation of DNA, RNA and proteins, and in sample amplification, which the assessment defines as "the process to rapidly and significantly increase the number of microorganisms in a sample." The environmental assessment also states that "the proposed facility would have the unique capability within DOE/NNSA to perform aerosol studies to include challenges of rodents using infectious agents or biologically derived toxins (biotoxins)."
Prof. Barbara Hatch Rosenberg, Chair of the Working Group on Biological Weapons of the Federation of American Scientists, has said "when various types of weapons are being researched at the same place, it means that if there is any kind of oversight or investigation or inspection of one type, it puts at risk classified information about the others. And this is a reason why this government frequently objects to any kind of oversight. And this is also, in my view, a reason why different kinds of weapons research should be conducted at different locations, rather than piling them all in the same place."
WE MAY NEVER KNOW WHAT HAS "ESCAPED" LABS LIKE THE ONE ON PLUM ISLAND, BUT WE DO, MOST DEFINITELY, KNOW HOW SUCH LABS HAVE USED US AS HUMAN GUINEA PIGS BEFORE.
<<A series of field tests took place under the auspices of the Biological Laboratories from 1943 to the mid-1960s:
- In one such test, travelers at Washington National Airport were subjected to a harmless bacterium. Traps were placed throughout the facility to capture the bacterium as it flowed in the air. Laboratory personnel, dressed as travelers carrying brief cases, walked the corridors and without detection sprayed the bacterium into the atmosphere.
- In the New York Subway, a light bulb filled with the same harmless bacterium was dropped on the tracks. The organism spread throughout the system within 20 minutes. Traps and monitoring devices showed the amount of organism�if it were one of the predictable, dangerous organisms, could have killed thousands of persons. No one was injured or became ill as a result of the test.
- In San Francisco, a U.S. Navy ship, equipped with spray devices operated by Fort Detrick personnel, sprayed serratia marcescens, a non-pathogenic microorganism that is easily detected, while the ship plied the San Francisco Bay. It spread more than 30 miles to monitoring stations.
- A jet aircraft equipped with spray devices, flew a course near Victoria, Texas, and the harmless particles were monitored in the Florida Keys.
JUST WATCH THIS WEE PLACE ...THIS LITTLE-KNOWN AMERICAN "SECRET".
ESPECIALLY THE FOLLOWING FILE:
AND AN "IFFY" SITE, IFFY BECAUSE IT SOMETIMES TENDS TO GO "OVER THE TOP" SANS PERFECT DOCUMENTATION...STILL, INFORMATIVE:
NOTHING GOOD ON THE TELLY TONIGHT?
I'M NOT ENDORSING ANY FILMS HERE, JUST POST THEM SO WE CAN EXERCISE OUR OWN MINDS, LET IN SOME NEW IDEAS, MAYBE...AND, AS ALWAYS, JUST THINK ABOUT THINGS IN A NON-BIASED, LOGICAL MANNER...