HERE ARE PHOTOS, ALL WE HAVE LEFT NOW, OF JUST 10 CREATURES WE'VE LOST...
THE YANGTZE DOLPHIN, KNOWN AS THE BAIJI AND AS "THE GODDESS OF THE YANGTZE"...DECLARED EXTINCT IN 2006.
THE KOUPREY, A SPECIES OF WILD CATTLE ONCE FOUND IN CAMBODIA AND LAOS, EXTINCT SINCE 2012.
THE COSTA RICA GOLDEN TOAD.
It was once a common species, but no specimen has been seen since 1989.
THE WEST AFRICAN BLACK RHINO, WHICH WAS RAREST OF ALL RHINOS, GONE IN 2000, NONE IN CAPTIVITY.
THE ALAOTRA GREBE, THOUGH NOT SEEN SINCE 1982, WAS DECLARED EXTINCT IN 2010. IT WAS FOUND IN MADAGASCAR.
KEY WEST, FLORIDA'S ONCE RENOWN BUTTERFLY, THE ZESTOS SKIPPER, WAS ONE OF THREE AMERICAN BUTTERFLIES DECLARED EXTINCT IN 2013.
SAMPSON'S PEARLY MUSSEL, NATIVE TO ILLINOIS, KENTUCKY AND INDIANA, EXTINCT SINCE 1984.
THE COLUMBIA BASIN PYGMY RABBIT (ADULTS WOULD FIT IN THE PALM OF A HAND). EXTINCT SINCE 2007.
THE ELEGANT FORMOSAN CLOUDED LEOPARD OF TAIWAN, DECLARED EXTINCT IN 2013.
PHOTOS AND A 2014 LIST OF ANIMALS GONE EXTINCT IN THE PAST 100 YEARS <HERE>.
FOR ALL WHO DEMAND "PEER-REVIEWED STUDIES", TAKE YOUR PICKS OF THOSE LISTED BELOW!
WE'VE LOST 49% OF ALL WILDLIFE SPECIES JUST SINCE 1970.
MAYBE YOU DON'T CARE...
MAYBE NO ONE WILL CARE WHEN WE'RE GONE
- Historical records of extinct species or subspecies are reported confirmed dates, e.g. in ship logs, paintings, reports, papers and books, on which a species or subspecies has been seen for the very last time (e.g. sightings or killings). In many cases an exact date is not known.
- Radiocarbon dating, or carbon dating, is a radiometric dating method that uses the naturally occurring radioisotope carbon-14 (14C) to determine the age of carbonaceous materials up to about 58,000 to 62,000 years. Raw, i.e. uncalibrated, radiocarbon ages are usually reported in radiocarbon years "Before Present" (BP), "Present" being defined as 1950 CE. Such raw ages can be calibrated to give accurate calendar dates (calibrated 14C age dates) of a species or subspecies last occurrence.
- Archaeoological or stratigraphic associations are a closely established relationship between two or more archaeological items (objects or structural elements) because they are physically linked by virtue of being within or attached to the same stratigraphically determined deposit or layer.
- In November and December 2006 a comprehensive visual and acoustic survey failed to find a single baiji or Yangtze River Dolphin (Lipotes vexillifer) in the Yangtze River (Turvey et al. 2007). However Chinese media reported that a businessman in Tongling City in east China’s Anhui Province filmed “a big white animal” with his digital camera on 19 August 2007. Sadly, the picture quality was extremely poor, because it had been filmed at long range on a non specialized digital camera (Turvey, 2008). Professor Wang Ding, a leading scientist at the Institute of Hydrobiology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences later confirmed that the footage could be showing the Baiji dolphin (WWF 2007), but he couldn't rule out the alternative possibility that it was a Yangtze Finless Porpoise, Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis (Turvey, 2008).
- In January 2009, the Pyrenean Ibex (Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica) became the first extinct animal to be resurrected by cloning. This newborn Pyrenean Ibex died after seven minutes due to breathing difficulties and became extinct for the second time.
- Two western black rhinos (Diceros bicornis longipes) are known to have been poached since 1996, one of which had been radio-tagged. WWF-sponsored surveys of range areas in 1996–97 indicated that at least 10 rhinos remained, with a possible eight others unconfirmed. (Emslie & Brooks 1999) In 2000, Dr Martin Brooks, IUCN SSC African Rhino Specialist Group chairman, estimated that just ten of the rhinos were still alive and could have drifted too far apart from each other to breed (Times Online 2006). Early 2006, a trio of experts systematically scoured 2,500 kilometres (1,200 miles) of habitat in northern Cameroon. This intensive survey of the West African black rhino has failed to locate any sign of their continued presence in their last refuges in northern Cameroon. As a result the World Conservation Union (IUCN) announced that this subspecies has been tentatively declared as extinct. (IUCN 2006).
- The most frequently quoted extinction date of the Caspian Tiger (Panthera tigris virgata) is late 1950s, but has almost no evidence to back it up. It appears this date came to be accepted after being quoted by H. Ziaie in "A Field Guide to the Mammals of Iran". According to E. Firouz in “A Guide to the Fauna of Iran, 1999”, the last tiger was killed in 1947 near Agh-Ghomish Village, 10 km East of Kalaleh, on the way to Minoodasht-Bojnoord. Some reports state that the last Caspian tiger was shot in Golestan National Park (Iran) or in Northern Iran in 1959 (Vuosalo 1976). However, other reports claim that the last Chinese Caspian tigers disappeared from the Manas River basin in the Tian Shan mountains, west of Ürümqi, China, in the 1960s. (Nowell & Jackson 1996) The last record from the lower reaches of the Amu-Darya river near the Aral Sea was an unconfirmed observation near Nukus in 1968 while tigers disappeared from the river’s lower reaches and the Pyzandh Valley once a stronghold, in the Turkmen-Uzbek-Afghan border region by the early 1970s (Heptner and Sludskii 1972). There are even claims of a documented killing of this subspecies at Uludere, Hakkari in Turkey in February of 1970 (Üstay 1990; Can 2004). There have even been unconfirmed reports of wild tigers in Turkey as recent as 2001 (Can 2004). An exact date of extinction is unknown. No one knows it really for certain. Recent genetic research even suggests that the Caspian Tiger never became extinct, but that they are one and the same as the surviving Siberian Tigers (Driscoll et al. 2009).
- An exact extinction date is unknown and it is possible that this species survives in capticity. The last wild Barbary lion (Panthera leo leo) was killed in 1942 on the northern side of the Tizi-n-Tichka pass in the Atlas Mountains, near the road between Marrakesh and Ouarzazat. After its disappearence, this lion subspecies could only be found at the palace of the sultans and kings of Morocco. Meanwhile the rest of the world continued to assume the Barbary lion was extinct, a premature belief which nearly became fact when a respiratory disease hit the royal lions hard in the late 1960s. Later, a new and better enclosure was completed in Temara, near Rabat, to house the royal lions, and in 1973, under the administration of the Ministry of Agriculture, this became Rabat Zoo. The current royal lions in Rabat Zoo have not only the right Barbary looks, but also, very importantly, the right pedigree supported by circumstantial evidence. Although it may not be very solid, the existence of such evidence clearly separates the royal lions from all the other big-maned lions whose pedigrees are untraceable. The Barbary lion's genetic distinctiveness has not yet fully established and it is still unknown whether the royal lions are true pure Barbary lions (Dubach et al. 2005; Yamaguchi 2005; Yamaguchi and Haddane 2002; Barnett et al. 2006; Burger and Hemmer 2006; Antunes et al. 2008; Black et al. 2009).
- The Nullarbor Dwarf Bettong (Bettongia pusilla) is only known from recent subfossils (McNamara 1997). It was common in Holocene cave deposits. Arboriginal people from the desert country of the south of South Australia and adjecent areas of Western Australia have known a very small kangaroo that does not match any species recorded alive within the last 200 years (Johnson 2006; Turnbridge 1991). The word they used for this animal is 'wirlpa', 'weelba' or some other variant (Johnson 2006). This bettong probably was extant after 1500 AD and there is little doubt that this species may have still been alive when Europeans began settling in Australia (Burbidge 2008; Johnson 2006).
- Barn owl pellets in fossiliferous cave deposits in the western part of Cuba, containing predated Oriente Cave Rats (Boromys offella) and Torre's Cave Rats (Boromys torrei), other mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians, were dated by radiocarbon dating at 14C 7864 ± 96 years BP and calibrated at 8993 - 8453 BP or 7044 - 6504 BCE (Jiménez Vázquez et al. 2005; Turvey 2009). However, this species is known from recent fossil deposits which also contain invasive rats. This suggest that it persisted until the modern era and that the extinction followed the arrival of European settlers around 1500 CE (Allen 1942; Turvey and Helgen 2008ab; Turvey 2009). Based on the remarkably fresh bones, some suggest it might have survived until the latter half of the nineteenth century (Allen 1942; Goodwin and Goodwin 1973; Nowak 1999).
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